Born in Toronto, Canada, poet, painter & translator Norma Cole moved to France in the late 60s. Returning to Toronto in the early 70s, she migrated to San Francisco in 1977, where she has lived ever since. Her most recent books of poetry include Where Shadows Will: Selected Poems 1988—2008 (City Lights), Collective Memory (Granary Books), Do the Monkey (Zasterle), Spinoza in Her Youth (Omnidawn) and Natural Light (Libellum). TO BE AT MUSIC: Essays & Talks made its appearance in 2010 from Omnidawn Press. Her translations from the French include Danielle Collobert’s It Then (O Books), Crosscut Universe: Writing on Writing from France (Burning Deck), Danielle Collobert’s Notebooks 1956-1978 (Litmus), Fouad Gabriel Naffah’s The Spirit God and the Properties of Nitrogen (Post-Apollo) and Jean Daive’s A Woman with Several Lives (La Presse, forthcoming 2011). Cole has been the recipient of awards from the Wallace Alexander Gerbode Foundation, the Gertrude Stein Award for Innovative Poetry, the Fund for Poetry, the Creative Work Fund and the Foundation for Contemporary Arts. During winter 2004/05, Cole could be seen inhabiting a 1950s living room as part of her Collective Memory installation during the retrospective Poetry and its Arts: Bay Area Interactions 1954—2004, hosted at the California Historical Society. More recently, she curated a show by Marina Adams at the Cue Arts Foundation in NYC. She has a collaboration with Adams in BOMB 114, Winter 2011. Cole has taught at many schools, including the University of San Francisco and San Francisco State.